- Organic Cotton
Our organic cotton
The organic cotton that is used is from Egypt, and the fabric is created with the perfect combinations of soil, rain, sun and humidity which result in the best cotton in the world. The cotton is certified as organic agricultural standards (EU-Eco-regulation (EC) No 834/2007). This means that the production sustains the health of the soil, ecosystems and is not harmful for the people working in the process.
How our organic cotton is grown
- The journey starts with obtaining untreated, natural (non-GMO) seeds. Once the seed is secured, the land needs to be prepared and the seed sown. It takes approximately 55 to 60 days from planting until the first flower appears, and bolls appear 50 to 60 days after bloom. The growth cycle of the cotton plant lasts for approximately 5-6 months.
- During the time the plants are growing, the soil fertility, water, pests and weeds need to be managed. Soil organic matter is built through crop rotation, intercropping and compost whereas the water is retained more efficiently due to the organic matter in the soil.
- The farmers maintain a balance between pests and their natural predators through healthy soil and use of beneficial insects, biological and cultural practices to control the pests. They can sometimes use trap crops to lure insects away. The use of toxic chemicals and genetically modified organisms are banned.
- Seeds will be controlled through cultivation and physical removal of weeds.
- 45 days after the cotton bolls appear, they will begin to naturally split open. Once the cotton boll is fully dried and fluffed, it is ready to be harvest. The bolls are carefully hand harvested and selected. The farmers prefer to harvest by hand, so they can visually analyse the maturity of the cotton before picking it. A more mature cotton produces longer staple fibres with the greatest strength.
- With a ground-breaking technology our supplier is able to retrace the cotton back to the cotton fields by DNA tracing.
From harvest to fabric
The cotton is packed tightly in bundles and then delivered to the mill. The bundles are later loosened, and then seed pods and other debris are separated from the cotton by a special machine, leaving the ginned cotton in the form of meter-wide rolls. The fibre are straightened by carding so that the fibres are parallel. The cotton is then drawn together into a loose and thick rope, a sliver, and then sent to a drawing frame. Initially, 6-8 slivers are passed through rotating rollers. One roll rotates faster than the other, so that the cotton fibres are stretched and straightened.
Material from two drawing frames is then doubled together and led to a new drawing frame for further processing. Doubling may be repeated in several steps until the fibres are straight and aligned. The longer the fibres, the better the quality. To attain particularly high quality and high content of long fibres, the carded cotton is combed to sort out the shorter fibres.
In the manufacturing steps of organic cotton there are no added petroleum scours, formaldehyde, ant wrinkling agents, chlorine bleaches, or other unauthentic materials. Instead, there are natural alternatives used such as natural spinning oils and low-impact dyes and earth clays are used for coloration; and natural vegetable and mineral inks and binders are used for printing on organic cotton fabric.